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The unemployment rate for persons of 15 years and above in urban areas has improved in 2019-20 compared to the previous years, as per union minister of state, ministry of labour and employment Rameswar Teli who cited the latest Periodic Labour Force (PLF) Survey report.

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It was 6.9 percent in 2019-20 while the joblessness rates in 2017-18 and 2018-19 were 7.7 percent and 7.6 percent respectively.

The data on employment and unemployment is collected through the PLF survey conducted by National Statistical Office (NSO), ministry of statistics and programme implementation (MoSPI) from 2017-18.

The minister said in Rajya Sabha that the government has launched All-India Quarterly Establishment Based Employment Survey (AQEES) in April 2021.

As per the result of the second round of quarterly employment survey (QES) for the period July-September 2021, employment increased to 3.10 crore in the nine selected sectors of the economy which was 3.08 crore during April-June, 2021 against a total of 2.37 crores in these sectors taken collectively, as reported in the Sixth Economic Census 2013-14.

Of the total employment estimated in the selected nine sectors, manufacturing accounted for nearly 39 percent, followed by education with 22 percent and health as well as IT/BPOs sectors both around 10 percent. Trade and transport sectors engaged 5.3 percent and 4.6 percent of the total estimated workers respectively.

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