Raimona becomes Assam’s sixth national park

Raimona national park has been added to Assam’s five existing national parks. The Raimona national park falls under Kokrajhar district of Bodoland Territorial Region.

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Kaziranga University

The national park is a part of a contiguous forest patch with an area of 422 square km covering the northern part of the notified Ripu reserve forest (area of 508.62 square km), which forms the westernmost buffer to Manas tiger reserve in the southern foothills of Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot.

The boundary of Raimona national park, which forms with the Sonkosh river on the west along the inter-state boundary of West Bengal and Assam from Indo-Bhutan border up to fire line Ride-6 southwards (BP30) and Saralbhanga river on the east, runs northwards till it touches the Indo-Bhutan international boundary on the north and remaining part of Ripu RF on the south. The southern boundary runs eastwards along the fire line Ride-6 up to Pekua River where it runs at 90 degrees southwards till it meets the fire line Ride-3.

Assam chief minister Himanta Biswa Sarma announced about the development on the occasion of World Environment Day at Gandhi Mandap in Guwahati on June 5.

Sarma said with the new addition, Assam has six national parks and that process is underway to convert Dehing Patkai wildlife sanctuary into a national park. The existing five national parks are Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Nameri National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and Orang National Park.

Minister for the environment and forest Parimal Suklabaidya who attended the function said the announcement made by the CM has turned out to be a red-letter day for the state and welcome news for wildlife lovers, nature lovers and conservationists. He said the process is also underway to upgrade the Dehing Patkai wildlife sanctuary to a national park.

The environment and forest department brought out a notification declaring Raimona as a national park on June 5.

“Historically, the area was a part of the migratory route of the faunal species from Himalayan Mountain, Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese realms towards the west and Peninsular Indian realm species to the east, ” said a forest official.

Raimona national park | Image courtesy: Assam forest department
Raimona national park | Image courtesy: Assam forest department

The new national park shares contiguous forest patches of Phipsoo Wildlife Sanctuary and Jigme Singye Wangchuk National Park in Bhutan (total area of 1,999 square km) creating a transboundary conservation landscape of more than 2,400 square km.

“Such secured transboundary ecological landscape will ensure long term conservation of endemic species like Golden Langur Trachypithecus geei – the mascot of BTC – and endangered species like Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Royal Bengal Tiger Panthera tigris and varied other flora and fauna species it supports,” said the forest official.

The new national park forms the westernmost buffer to the Manas tiger reserve (TR) which is one of the nine such reserves in India first declared by Project Tiger in 1973. The area is also an integral part of Manas Biosphere Reserve (BR) and Chirang-Ripu Elephant Reserve (ER).

The Manas national park is located in the heart of the TR cum ER which is also a natural World Heritage Site.

“The new national park will open up huge opportunities of ecotourism for the fringe villagers, who currently are partially or totally dependent on forest resources for their livelihood. A highly viable tourism circuit through the Raimona national park and the contiguous protected areas of Bhutan will attract national and international tourists, who will not only enjoy the wildlife and outstanding scenic beauty but also the diverse and colourful social landscapes and their rich culture and tradition,” quipped the official.


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