Traditional clothing and fashion in Northeast India

People of Northeast India fashion
People of Northeast India

Northeast India is a region known for its diverse cultures and vibrant traditions, reflected prominently in its traditional clothing and fashion. Each state in the region has its own distinct ethnic identity, representing the rich cultural heritage of the people.

Let’s have a brief overview of the traditional dresses and their importance in each state:


The traditional dress of Assam is called the “Mekhela Chador.” It consists of a two-piece garment, with the lower part called the “Mekhela” and the upper part called the “Chador.” The Mekhela Chador showcases intricate designs and motifs, often handwoven with silk. It holds immense cultural significance and is worn during festivals, weddings, and other special occasions.

Arunachal Pradesh

One of the prominent attires in Arunachal Pradesh is the “Gale”, worn by the tribal women. The “Galuk” is a traditional jacket – a handwoven wraparound shirt – made from indigenous fabrics. The “Galuk” is adorned with beautiful patterns and colors, reflecting the cultural diversity of the state. It is worn by both men and women during festivals and traditional ceremonies.


In Meghalaya, the traditional dress for women is called the “Jainsem”. It is a sleeveless, ankle-length garment made from handwoven fabric. The “Jainsem” is usually adorned with intricate embroidery and patterns, showcasing the artistic skills of the local artisans. It is worn on various occasions, including festivals and weddings.


The traditional dress of Mizoram is called the “Puan”. It is a handwoven wraparound skirt worn by women. The “Puan” is known for its vibrant colors and intricate designs, representing the cultural identity of the Mizos. It is worn during festivals, weddings, and other important events.


One of the traditional dresses of Manipur is the “Phanek” for women and “Pheijom” for men. The “Phanek” is a wraparound skirt made from handwoven fabric, while the “Pheijom” is a traditional shirt. Both garments are adorned with beautiful motifs and designs, symbolizing the events, and weddings.


In Tripura, the traditional dress for women is called the “Risa”. It is a three-piece ensemble consisting of a blouse, a long skirt, and a shawl. The “Risa” is made from handwoven fabric and showcases intricate designs and patterns. It Is worn during festivals.


Traditional dress and fashion in Nagaland are incredibly unique and reflect the rich cultural heritage of the Naga people. The traditional attire consists of vibrant and intricately woven garments, like the iconic Naga shawl. Women wear Rongsu or Rongkhim skirts, while men wear Lotha coats. Accessories like necklaces and bracelets add elegance. It’s a beautiful celebration of their cultural roots.

In the Northeast region of India, traditional dresses and fashion hold immense charm. Each state in this region reflects its unique cultural heritage through its traditional attire and fashion trends. The natural beauty of Northeast India, combined with the diverse ethnic costumes, offers a fascinating experience. Traditional dress and fashion play a significant role in preserving cultural values and showcasing local traditions.

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Ankita Dutta
About Ankita Dutta


Ankita Dutta is studying Masters in Journalism and Mass Communication at Dibrugarh University